Medicine in Mesopotamia was taken very seriously. Only priests could be practitioners and mistakes were not tolerated. That’s why, if a man died during an operation, the surgeon’s hands were cut off!
In Ancient Egypt, surgeons were ruled by the strict laws of the Code of Hammurabi, a black stone that can today be seen at the Louvre Museum in Paris. According to the code: “If a doctor has treated a man for a severe wound with a bronze instrument and the man dies and if he has opened the spot in the mans eye with the instrument of bronze but destroys the mans eye, his hands are to be cut off.”
Now that’s what you call a risky job!